Case of Nipah Virus suspected after sudden death of bats

Another victim of Nipah Virus found in Kozhikode Kerela

Officials found "many dead bats" in a well in that home.

Two people suspected to be infected with the brain-damaging Nipah virus are under treatment in India's Karnataka state, a health official said on Wednesday (May 23), after an outbreak of the rare virus in neighbouring Kerala state killed 10.

The Health Department said on Thursday that a total of 160 samples were sent for testing to Pune. However, experts say the cause of the outbreak is subject of great debate. "They have tested negative for the Nipah virus", he said.

The administration has been asked to ensure availability of isolation and emergency management facilities before referral. The teams will disseminate awareness material about the virus at primary health centres, community health centres, and taluks and district hospitals.

As all of us are aware that Kerala is put on high alert, following the mysterious deaths of about 10 persons from the so called mysterious viral disease. The virus, which is released through bats' saliva, urine and excreta, typically spreads due to bats consuming fruits on trees.

This is the third outbreak of Nipah virus in India. On this occasion, pigs were the intermediate hosts.

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Is there a vaccine to prevent this disease? .

Treatment options are limited mostly to supportive care.

The virus, which can be transmitted from animals to humans, is hard to diagnose and the symptoms include fever, vomiting and headaches.

He said: "This is a very serious condition and causes fevers with drowsiness and confusion". If not taken care of, these symptoms can even cause coma in a span of 24-48 hours.

What are the symptoms of the infection? However, an incubation period as long as 45 days has been reported. He came back after Lini got infected with Nipah virus. According to National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme, the drug ribavirin has been shown to be effective against the viruses in viro, but human investigations to date have been inconclusive and clinical usefulness of the drug remains uncertain.

"This is a new situation for us; we have no prior experience in dealing with the Nipah virus", said K.K. Shailaja, health minister of the state, according to Reuters. Health authorities have directed to shut down all the anganwadis in four panchayats of Malappuram district where deaths due to Nipah virus have been reported.

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