India’s top space agency discovers an EPIC planet 600-light years away

Indian scientists discover planet 600 light years away from Earth

A scientific team lead by Professor Abhijit Chakraborty of Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad has made a remarkable discovery.

According to a Times of India report, scientists at PRL designed a spectrograph called PARAS (PRL Advance Radial-velocity Abu-Sky Search).

EPIC 211945201b's mass is around 27 times that of Earth's and it's estimated to be around six times greater in radius.

Scientists have claimed that the discovery will help in the understanding of the formation mechanism of super-Neptune or sub-Saturn kind of planets that are too close to the host star.

It is time to feel proud as India finds a position in a select group of countries which have discovered planets, stars, heavenly objects and so on.

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The second red dwarf star that was detected with a new planetary system is K2-240, and this particular star features two large planets that are double the size of Earth. It has the name EPIC 211945201 (K2-236) and thus, the planet has been given the name EPIC 211945201B (K2-236B). The surface temperature of the planet was recorded around 600 degree Celsius due to its close proximity to the host star.

Researchers have determined that the atmospheric temperature of these two red dwarf stars approaches between 3,450 and 3,800 K which is much less than our own sun, with only half of its intensity. Isro said very few such spectrographs exist around the world (mostly in the USA and Europe) that can do such precise measurements. The total mass of these elements was calculated at about 60 to 70 percent of planet EPIC's total mass.

NASA's Kepler satellite, which was launched in 2009 as part of the K2 mission, has uncovered three Earth-sized planets in another solar system. The planet's environment is not suitable to support any kind of life forms, however, its size and mass are what holds the importance.

Scientists now hope to use further observations - from the new James Webb Space Telescope - to understand more about the planets' atmospheres.

The system K2-239 planetary system is composed of three rocky planets, as already mentioned, all of which are of the same size with the Earth but more turbulent and not appropriate for life, as they are orbiting very close to their star.

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