NASA Astronaut Recounts When Apollo 13 Mission Turned From Exploration to Survival

Apollo 11 crew member Buzz Aldrin salutes the U.S. flag. Image courtesy of NASA History Office and the NASA JSC Media Services Center

Bill Hill, a deputy associate administrator under Gerstenmaier, was also moved to a special assistant position under NASA's associate administrator Steve Jurczyk.

Former NASA astronaut Ken Bowersox will take his place as the acting head of human exploration.

"In an effort to meet this challenge, I have decided to make leadership changes to the Human Exploration and Operations (HEO) Mission Directorate". Effectively, NASA's first and second in command of humans in space have been replaced at the same time. "Removing experienced engineering leadership from that effort and the rest of the nation's human spaceflight programs at such a crucial point in time seems misguided at best".

"(Gerstenmaier's) been at NASA for 42 years and we love him, and in fact, we have an opportunity now to land on the Moon in the year 2024 because of the hard work that he has put into the program", Bridenstine told Fox News in an interview published Thursday.

"NASA has always been fortunate to have great talent that has served our country well", Bridenstine wrote. The revised moon program is known as Artemis. "It is the stated policy of this administration and the United States of America to return American astronauts to the moon within the next five years".

U.S. Wants N.Korea Freeze as Beginning, Not End, of Denuclearization
The two countries were also preparing to declare an end to the Korean War, a 1950-1953 conflict that was halted with an armistice. " North Korea will in all likelihood remain nuclear-armed and under the control of the Kim family for the next two decades".

NASA did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

The program is expected to cost billions more in the next few years as NASA rushes to meet the 2024 target date.

"What we need now is urgency", Pence said during a speech to a crowd at the US Space & Rocket Center in Huntsville, Alabama.

But the so-called "green run" test would add five months or so to the rocket's development schedule, prompting some managers to suggest sending the rocket directly to Florida for a much shorter, less thorough hot firing atop launch pad 39B.

Bill Gerstenmaier, Associate Administrator, NASA's Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate, NASA Headquarters, speaks during a press conference announcing that NASA is opening the International Space Station for commercial business so U.S. industry innovation and ingenuity can accelerate a commercial economy in low-Earth orbit at the NASDAQ Market site, at Times Square in New York City, U.S., June 7, 2019.

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