Number of USA residents with STIs reaches record high in 2018

ABC News Chart Illustration
Chart

The Centers For Disease Control is now reporting that there has been a shocking rise in STDs across the United States since 2018.

And, we came in at a close number 3, behind Texas and Nevada in cases of Congenital Syphilis.

Despite decades of sexual education and STD awareness campaigns, the rates at which new STD cases are reported continues to rise. The report stated that most of those cases were among MSMs, however rates also increased among women by 30% during that time period.

The CDC reported newborn deaths from syphilis increased 22 percent, from 77 death in 2017 to 94 deaths in 2018.

1,306 cases of syphilis among newborns; 185% rate increase since 2014. Five states - Texas, California, Florida, Arizona, and Louisiana - accounted for 70 percent of all congenital syphilis cases past year. It takes a few shots of antibiotics to prevent a baby from getting syphilis from its mother. If a pregnant woman is left untreated, there is up to an 80 percent chance she will pass it on to her baby. Babies dying from preventable conditions, like congenital syphilis, is not an outcome we can accept.

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"There are tools available to prevent every case of congenital syphilis", said Gail Bolan, M.D., director of CDC's Division of STD Prevention, in a statement to the CDC.

Pregnant women were included in the high risk category because of the risky consequences STD's can have on unborn babies. All three diseases can be cured with antibiotics, but only if the patient seeks medical help.

The center's reasonings for these rate increases include lack of protection use amongst the sexually active, drug use, poverty and resource shortages brought on by cuts made to state and local STD programs and clinics. Louisiana was ranked number 7 in most cases.

Dr. Tim Jinks, head of the Drug Resistant Infection program at United Kingdom medical research charity Wellcome, pointed out: "These infections are treatable and curable with antibiotics but, unfortunately, most of these infections occur without symptoms and thus patients, people, don't realize they're having the infection, they don't realize they are at risk and they don't go in for testing and treatment and thus the opportunity to transmit the infection is quite high".

Kansas has seen a big jump in syphilis cases over the past five years and a spike in the number of infants born with the sexually transmitted disease.

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