Year-Old golden-era ‘Lost City’ unearthed near Luxor, Egypt

Lost Gold City remains of walls

A mission led by Egypt's former antiquities chief Zahi Hawass unearthed "several areas or neighborhoods" of the 3,000-year-old city after seven months of excavation.

"The Egyptian mission under Dr Zahi Hawass found the city that was lost under the sands", the excavation team said in a statement on Thursday.

Amenhotep III, who ruled ancient Egypt between 1391 B.C. and 1353 B.C., built the main portions of the Luxor and Karnak temples in the ancient town of Thebes.

Archaeologists have discovered a 3,000-year-old city in Egypt, which has been described by experts as "the most important discovery after the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun" in 1922.

Items of jewellery have been unearthed, along with coloured pottery vessels, scarab beetle amulets and mud bricks bearing seals of Amenhotep III.

They initially set out to find the mortuary temple of Tutankhamun, but soon found brick formations that ended up being a large, well preserved city. "Many foreign missions searched for this city and never found it", Hawass said.

A team of archaeologists began excavating at the site in September 2020, between the temples of Ramses III and Amenhotep III near Luxor. The statement adds that the city is in good condition of preservation, with nearly complete walls and rooms filled with tools of daily life.

The excavators also discovered a bakery, complete with ovens and vessels for storing food and bread, the size of which suggested that it catered to a large number of visitors.

"The archaeological layers have laid untouched for thousands of years, left by the ancient residents as if it were yesterday", a press release said.

Clay items found in the Lost Gold City
Feature: Egypt unveils discovery of 3000-year-old "Lost Gold City" in Luxor - Xinhua | English.news.cn

The excavation area is sandwiched between Rameses III's temple at Medinet Habu and Amenhotep III's temple at Memnon.

Egypt has sought publicity for its archaeological discoveries in the hopes of reviving its tourism sector, which was badly hit by the turmoil following the 2011 uprising, and now the coronavirus pandemic.

Last week, Egypt transported the mummified remains of 18 ancient kings and four queens across Cairo from the iconic Egyptian Museum to the new National Museum of Egyptian Civilisation in a procession dubbed the "Pharaohs' Golden Parade".

"It was the largest administrative and industrial settlement in the era of the Egyptian empire on the western bank of Luxor", Hawass said. Also discovered, was the burial of a human being with arms stretched out to the side and the remains of a rope wrapped around the knees.

Archaeologists said they expect the find to give them a better idea of how the ancient Egyptians lived.

The city was known as the Rise of Aten, the archaeology team said.

An inscription found in the site "says that this city was called 'The dazzling Aten, '" Hawass told reporters.

"Only further excavations of the area will reveal what truly happened 3500 years ago", the statement explains.

The city continued to be used by pharaohs Ay and Tutankhamun, whose almost intact tomb was discovered in the Valley of the Kings by British archaeologist Howard Carter in 1922.

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